Peter Senge, The Fifth Discipline, Doubleday/Currency
Commentary: establishes learning as a fundamental human drive or desire. Develops the five disciplines for creating a "learning organization" - an organization founded in empowerment instead of command-and-control.
Simon, H., The Science of Artificial, Cambridge, MIT press, 1985.
De Bono, E., Six Thinking Hats, Little, Brown and Company, 1985.
Commentary: "Thinking often proceeds as drift and waffle and reaction" writes de Bono. In Six Thinking Hats the author presents a simple but effective way to become a better thinker. He separates thinking into six distinct modes, identified with six colored "thinking hats"
Simon, H., Administrative Behavior, New York, Free Press, 1976.
Commentary: defines what decisions are, how they're linked to authority, and how decision-making takes place in an organization.
Simon, H., The New Science of Management Decision, New York, Harper, 1960.
Commentary: establishes that decision-making is central to nearly all management activity, categorizes decisions, discusses to what extent these can be computerized, has much commentary on the roles of operations research and artificial intelligence.
Newell and Simon, Human Problem Solving, EngleWood Cliffs, Prentice-Hall, 1972.
Commentary: more of a cognitive science perspective; how humans go about solving problems, and how computer programs can be created to mimic these processes. Lots of experimental data to support conclusions.